VISUOG offers accurate, peer-reviewed, and evidence-based visual chapters covering a range of pregnancy and gynecological conditions. This tool is particularly valuable for individuals seeking support in gaining knowledge about the application of ultrasound in gynecology and obstetrics for the diagnosis, treatment, and management of placental disorders and adrenal hemorrhage.

With the recent addition of two newly published VISUOG chapters on placental diseases and adrenal hemorrhage, members gain immediate access to current clinical information and high-quality images related to these two topics. 

The placenta plays vital roles throughout pregnancy, supplying the fetus with oxygen and nutrients. Therefore, it is essential to comprehend the more common placental conditions and effectively utilise ultrasound imaging for accurate diagnosis.  

Unfortunately, placental disorders often go undiagnosed and lack sufficient research. Three placental pathologies—placental hematomas, massive perivillous fibrin deposition, and placental infarcts—pose challenges for obstetricians as they are difficult to differentiate through ultrasound imaging due to their similar characteristics. Unfortunately, all three are associated with growth restriction and fetal demise. 

This VISUOG chapter gives you the opportunity to enhance your understanding of the three placental pathologies, instilling confidence in your ability to diagnose them accurately using ultrasound imaging.  

Read the VISUOG chapter on Placental Diseases to find out more.  

Adrenal hemorrhage is a relatively uncommon prenatal finding, typically discovered incidentally during third-trimester ultrasound examinations. These scans play a crucial role in monitoring fetal health and mitigating potential adverse outcomes. To enhance the performance of these examinations, in order to detect conditions like adrenal hemorrhage, read ISUOG's recommended guidelines for conducting third-trimester ultrasound examinations.  

In cases of adrenal hemorrhage, the normal trilaminar adrenal appearance is replaced by a mass on ultrasound. The appearance may vary depending on the age of the bleed.

Upon suspecting an adrenal hemorrhage, it is advisable to conduct additional scans to assess the evolution of the mass.  

This VISUOG chapter has been crafted to enhance comprehension of adrenal hemorrhage, covering aspects such as diagnosis, pathogenesis, management, prognosis, necessary diagnostic tests, and implications for sonographic diagnosis and screening. The chapter features five cases with ultrasound and MRI images of adrenal hemorrhages to provide practical insights.  

Read the VISUOG chapter on Adrenal Hemorrhage to find out more.  

Access all 200+ VISUOG chapters with ISUOG membership, and benefit from on-demand lectures, CME activities, discounted events/education courses and more. Sign up now and use code VISUOG10 for a 10% discount. 




More on